**Mathematical Constants of Natural Philosophy**

– Michael A. Sherbon

Abstract: Plato’s theory of everything is an introduction to a Pythagorean natural philosophy that includes Egyptian sources. The Pythagorean Table and Pythagorean harmonics from the ancient geometry of the Cosmological Circle are related to symbolic associations of basic mathematical constants with the five elements of Plato’s allegorical cosmology: Archimedes constant, Euler’s number, the polygon circumscribing limit, the golden ratio, and Aristotle’s quintessence. Quintessence is representative of the whole, or the one in four, extraneously considered a separate element or fifth force. This relationship with four fundamental interactions or forces also involves the correlation of constants with the five Platonic solids: tetrahedron, hexahedron, octahedron, icosahedron, and dodecahedron. The values of several fundamental physical constants are also calculated, and a basic equation is given for a unified physical theory in the geometric universe of Plato’s natural philosophy.

*SSRN Classics: Journal of **Philosophical* & Scientific Texts (July 21, 2010) SSRN: 1646568