## Physical Mathematics and the Fine-Structure Constant

.

Abstract: Research into ancient physical structures, some having been known as the seven wonders of the ancient world, inspired new developments in the early history of mathematics. At the other end of this spectrum of inquiry the research is concerned with the minimum of observations from physical data as exemplified by Eddington’s Principle. Current discussions of the interplay between physics and mathematics revive some of this early history of mathematics and offer insight into the fine-structure constant. Arthur Eddington’s work leads to a new calculation of the inverse fine-structure constant giving the same approximate value as ancient geometry combined with the golden ratio structure of the hydrogen atom. The hyperbolic function suggested by Alfred Landé leads to another result, involving the Laplace limit of Kepler’s equation, with the same approximate value and related to the aforementioned results. The accuracy of these results are consistent with the standard reference. Relationships between the four fundamental coupling constants are also found.
.
Inverse fine-structure constant is a root of: x4 – 136x3 – 136x2 – 818x + 1 = 0. This equation gives a value for x = 137.035 999 168 ….
CODATA (2014) Inverse alpha = 137.035 999 160 (33). The other root of the equation is approximately 1/818 and 818 = (136+1/3)6 = (4×136)+(2×137). OSF Preprints     Physical_Mathematics_and_the_Fine-Structure_Constant
.

## Fine-Structure Constant from Golden Ratio Geometry

.

After a brief review of the golden ratio in history and our previous exposition of the fine-structure constant and equations with the exponential function, the fine-structure constant is studied in the context of other research calculating the fine-structure constant from the golden ratio geometry of the hydrogen atom. This research is extended and the fine-structure constant is then calculated in powers of the golden ratio to an accuracy consistent with the most recent publications. The mathematical constants associated with the golden ratio are also involved in both the calculation of the fine-structure constant and the proton-electron mass ratio. These constants are included in symbolic geometry of historical relevance in the science of the ancients.

$\alpha^{-1}\simeq\frac{360}{\phi^{2}}-\frac{2}{\phi^{3}}+\frac{\mathit{A^{2}}}{K\phi^{4}}-\frac{\mathit{A^{\mathrm{3}}}}{K^{2}\phi^{5}}+\frac{A^{4}}{K^{3}\phi^{7}}\simeq137.035\,999\,168&space;.$

$A=e^{\pi}-7\pi-1$

α is the fine-structure constant, φ is the Golden Ratio, A is the Golden Apex of the Great Pyramid and K is the polygon circumscribing constant. 2016 CODATA: 137.035 999 160 (33).

.

## Mathematical Constants of Natural Philosophy

Mathematical Constants of Natural Philosophy

– Michael A. Sherbon

Abstract: Plato’s theory of everything is an introduction to a Pythagorean natural philosophy that includes Egyptian sources. The Pythagorean Table and Pythagorean harmonics from the ancient geometry of the Cosmological Circle are related to symbolic associations of basic mathematical constants with the five elements of Plato’s allegorical cosmology: Archimedes constant, Euler’s number, the polygon circumscribing limit, the golden ratio, and Aristotle’s quintessence. Quintessence is representative of the whole, or the one in four, extraneously considered a separate element or fifth force. This relationship with four fundamental interactions or forces also involves the correlation of constants with the five Platonic solids: tetrahedron, hexahedron, octahedron, icosahedron, and dodecahedron. The values of several fundamental physical constants are also calculated, and a basic equation is given for a unified physical theory in the geometric universe of Plato’s natural philosophy.

SSRN Classics: Journal of Philosophical & Scientific Texts (July 21, 2010) SSRN: 1646568